WASHINGTON, D.C.â€”The Atomic Heritage Foundation on Tuesday welcomed the official establishment of the Manhattan Project National Historical Park with units at Los Alamos, New Mexico; Hanford, Washington; and Oak Ridge, Tennessee. In a ceremony at the Interior Department on Tuesday morning, U.S. Secretary of Energy Ernie Moniz and Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell signed an agreement that defines the respective roles of the Department of Energy and the National Park Service in implementing the new park, a press release said.
â€œToday is a milestone for Manhattan Project history,â€ said Foundation President Cynthia C. Kelly, who attended the ceremony along with the Foundationâ€™s staff. â€œFor more than a decade, the Atomic Heritage Foundation and our partners have been working to preserve Manhattan Project sites and create the park. The national park is long overdue and will provide Americans with an important opportunity to understand the Manhattan Project and its complex legacy for the world today.â€
The sites of the Manhattan Project Park â€œare among the worldâ€™s most significant places, where work was done that changed the human world forever,â€ said Richard Rhodes, Pulitzer Prize-winning author of “The Making of the Atomic Bomb” and a member of the Foundationâ€™s Board of Directors.
In her remarks, Jewell discussed how the park â€œcan more widely tell the human storyâ€ of the 600,000 people who worked on the Manhattan Project, the press release said. Emotionally recalling a visit her mother-in-law, an Army nurse, took to Hiroshima and Nagasaki after the atomic bombs were dropped on Japan, she emphasized, â€œWe are a country that strives to tell the complete story.â€
Moniz hailed the achievements of the national scientific laboratories that emerged from the work of the Manhattan Project, the press release said. The new park, he declared, â€œwill provide the platform for our citizenry to understand the roots of this and what it means for our future responsibilities.â€
Senators Maria Cantwell of Washington, Lamar Alexander of Tennessee, and Tom Udall and Martin Heinrich of New Mexico also spoke about the significance of the Manhattan Project and applauded the communities of Los Alamos, Hanford, and Oak Ridge for their work to make the park a reality. Senator Heinrich praised the work of the Foundation and its partners: â€œI want to especially thank the Atomic Heritage Foundation, which has worked in collaboration with the Los Alamos Historical Society and with the Bradbury Science Museum to preserve and interpret historic Manhattan Project properties in Los Alamos.â€
The Manhattan Project National Historical Park Act, which became law on December 21, 2014, required that the two Departments reach an agreement within a year of enactment to formally establish the park as part of the National Park System. With the signing of the memorandum of agreement on Tuesday, the Manhattan Project Park becomes one of more than 50 national historical parks, including the Abraham Lincoln Birthplace in Kentucky, Harpers Ferry in West Virginia, and the Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park with units in Alaska and Washington.
The park will have three units: Los Alamos, Oak Ridge, and Hanford. The National Park Service estimates it will take two more years to complete the planning for the park, and three to five years after that to prepare the sites for public access, but local museums are eagerly awaiting an influx of tourists at each of the three sites. Virtual tours of Hanford and the B Reactor are already available through the Foundationâ€™s innovative â€œRanger in Your Pocketâ€ website, where visitors can choose from a broad selection of programs, the press release said.
It said the Foundation has developed an array of educational resources to help interpret the new park. These include a growing Manhattan Project Veterans Database with 10,000 profiles, and a collection of more than 340 oral history interviews on the â€œVoices of the Manhattan Projectâ€ website. For example, visitors can listen to General Leslie R. Groves recall selecting Los Alamos for the projectâ€™s scientific laboratory: â€œIt didnâ€™t take me long to say, â€˜This is it.â€™â€
From the dozens of refugee scientists who joined the project at Los Alamos to the â€œCalutron girlsâ€ of Oak Ridge, the people who worked on the Manhattan Project represented the diversity of the American experience, the release said. As one of the few national parks to focus on American science, technology, and industry, the Manhattan Project Park is an excellent opportunity to engage the public in learning about innovation in science, engineering and technology. The park will also enable visitors to reflect on the decision to drop the atomic bombs on Japan and the Manhattan Projectâ€™s legacies for today. The Atomic Heritage Foundation looks forward to working with the National Park Service, partner organizations, and the local communities to continue to preserve and interpret this important history.
The Atomic Heritage Foundation is a nonprofit organization in Washington, D.C., dedicated to the preservation and interpretation of the Manhattan Project and its legacy. The Foundation led efforts to create a Manhattan Project National Historical Park for more than a decade. Now, the Foundation is continuing to preserve historic sites and develop educational programming for park visitors, students, teachers, and the general public. For more information about the Atomic Heritage Foundation, visit www.atomicheritage.org.
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